Raspberry pi 3 linux mint
Ubuntu MATE for the Raspberry Pi 2 and Raspberry Pi 3
Martin Wimpress and Rohith Madhavan have made an Ubuntu MATE image for the Raspberry Pi 2 and Raspberry Pi 3 based on the regular Ubuntu armhf base, not the new Ubuntu “Snappy” Core, which means that the installation procedure for applications uses the traditional tools, ie apt-get.
We have done what we can to optimise the build for the Raspberry Pi 2 and Raspberry Pi 3, you can comfortably use applications such as LibreOffice and Firefox. But the microSDHC I/O throughput is a bottleneck so we highly recommend that you use a Class 6 or Class 10 microSDHC card. Ubuntu MATE 16.04 also fully supports the built-in Bluetooth and Wifi on the Raspberry Pi 3 and features hardware accelerated video playback in VLC and hardware accelerated decoding and encoding in ffmpeg
You’ll need a microSD card that is 6GB or greater. The file system will be automatically resized, on first boot, to occupy the unallocated space of the microSD card.
NOTE! There are no predefined user accounts. The first time you boot it will run through a setup wizard where you can create your own user account and configure your regional settings. The first boot is quite slow but, once the configuration is complete, subsequent boots are much quicker.Ubuntu MATE 16.04 running on the Raspberry Pi 3.
Run Ubuntu MATE on your Raspberry Pi 2 or 3 today.Download Ubuntu MATE
Making a microSDHC
The image can be directly written to a microSDHC using a utility like dd, but we prefer ddrescue (from the gddrescue, for example:sudo apt-get install gddrescue xz-utils unxz ubuntu-mate-16.04.2-desktop-armhf-raspberry-pi.img.xz sudo ddrescue -D --force ubuntu-mate-16.04.2-desktop-armhf-raspberry-pi.img /dev/sdx
The microSDHC may be presented on any /dev/sdX so use the command lsblk to check.
If you prefer a graphical tool we recommend using GNOME Disks and the Restore Disk Image… option, which natively supports XZ compressed images.sudo apt-get install gnome-disk-utility
Making a microSDHC with Windows
If you want to make a microSDHC using Windows we recommend:
- 7-Zip to extract the image.
- Win32 Disk Imager to write the image.
Re-size file system
Since Ubuntu MATE 16.04.2 the root parition is automatically resized, to fully utilise the all available space on the microSD card, on first boot.
Since Ubuntu MATE 16.04.2 the OpenSSH server is disabled by default. If you want to enable SSH you can use raspi-config to created a file call ssh in to /boot paritition and reboot.
When you enable SSH via either method explained above sshguard will also be enabled.
Enable and Disable X11
Since Ubuntu MATE 16.04.2 you can disable/enable the desktop environment using raspi-config.
Redirecting audio output
The sound will output to HDMI by default if both HDMI and the 3.5mm audio jack are connected. You can, however, force the system to output to a particular device using raspi-config.
For those of you who want to know how to do this without raspi-config:
For HDMIsudo amixer cset numid=3 2
For 3.5mm audio jacksudo amixer cset numid=3 1
Hardware accelerated video with omxplayer
Most videos will play with hardware acceleration using omxplayer which is pre-installed in Ubuntu MATE. However if you have MPEG-2 or VC-1 video video files then you will need MPEG-2 and/or VC-1 licenses from the Raspberry Pi Store.
omxplayer audio redirection
Should you want to manually select the output audio deive with omxplayer it can be acieved as follows:
omxplayer over HDMIomxplayer -o hdmi video.mp4
omcplayer over 3.5mm audio jackomxplayer -o local video.mp4
Hardware accelerated video with VLC and ffmpeg
Ubuntu MATE 16.04 added OpemMAX IL hardware accelerated video playback to VLC and MMAL hardware accelerated video playback to ffmpeg.
- To enable hardware accelerated video playback in VLC go to Tools -> Preferences -> Video and select OpenMax IL.
To use hardware accelerated video playback with ffplay you must specify the h364_mmal codec.
ffplay -vcodec h364_mmal video.mp4
Hardware accelerated playback on the Raspberry Pi works by overlaying the video directly to the screen. Therefore there are no onscreen controls for playback control. You’ll need to use the VLC and ffmpeg keyboard shortcuts.
- VLC keyboard control
- ffplay keyboard controls
Hardware accelerate video encoding with ffmpeg
Since Ubuntu MATE 16.04.2 ffmpeg is shipped with hardware enabled video encoding via the h364_omx encoder. Here is an example:`ffmpeg -f video4linux2 -i /dev/video0 -s 1280x720 -c:v h364_omx output.mp4`
2017-02-16 - 16.04.2 Release for Raspbery Pi 2 and Raspberry Pi 3
- Performance optimised.
- Added automated first boot partition resizing.
- Optimised partition offset calculations
- Optimised filesystem features.
- Disabled unnecessary services to reduce CPU cycles and RAM requirements.
- Forked and adapted raspi-config to Ubuntu.
- Added pi-top brightness and power-off support.
- Backported MATE Desktop 1.16.1.
- Backported BlueZ 5.41.
- Backported ffmpeg 3.2 including Raspberry Pi hardware acceleration for MMAL decoding and OMX encoding.
- Backported i2c-tools and python-smbus 3.1.2.
- Updated raspberrypi-firmware to 1.20161215-1.
- Updated pi-bluetooth to 0.1.2 including failsafe systemd units.
- Updated gpiozero to 1.3.1. A simple API for controlling devices attached to the GPIO pins.
- Updated omxplayer to 0.3.7-git20160923-dfea8c9.
- Updated nuscratch to 20160915+2.
- Updated picamera to 1.12. Pure Python interface to the Raspberry Pi’s camera module.
- Updated pigpio to 1.130. Library for Raspberry Pi GPIO control.
- Updated python-sense-hat to 2.2.0. Sense HAT python.
- Updated raspberrypi-sys-mods to 20170208, which completely replaces raspberrypi-general-mods
- Updated raspi-gpio to 0.20170105. Dump the state of the BCM270x GPIOs.
- Updated rpi.gpio to 0.6.3-1. Python GPIO module for Raspberry Pi.
- Updated rtimulib to 7.2.1-3. Versatile C++ and Python 9-dof, 10-dof and 11-dof IMU library.
- Updated sonic-pi to 2.10.0.
- Updated xserver-xorg-video-fbturbo to 1.20161111~122359.
- Updated Xorg via the LTS Enablement Stack.
- Added cap1xxx; A python library designed to drive various Microchip CAP1xxx touch ICs.
- Added drumhat; A python library designed to control Drum HAT.
- Added envirophat; A python library designed to control Enviro pHAT.
- Added explorerhat; A python library designed to control the Explorer HAT and pHAT.
- Added microdotphat; A python library designed to control Micro Dot pHAT.
- Added mote; A python library designed to control Mote.
- Added motephat; A python library designed to control Mote pHAT.
- Added pantilthat; A python library designed to control Pan-Tilt HAT.
- Added pianohat; A python library designed to control Piano HAT.
- Added piglow; A python library designed to drive Piglow.
- Added rainbowhat; A python library designed to control Rainbow HAT.
- Added scrollphat; A python library designed to control Scroll pHAT.
- Added sense-emu; A client library for the Raspberry Pi Sense HAT emulator.
- Added sn3218; A python library to help control the SN3218 18-channel PWM LED driver.
- Added st7036; A python library to help control the ST7036 LCD driver.
- Fixed first boot configuration. Ubiquity now prompts to join available WiFi networks.
- Disabled SSH by default.
- SSH can be enabled via raspi-config or creating a file named ssh in the /boot partition.
- sshguard is also automatically enabled when you enable SSH.
- Reduced the image size to 5GB, down from 8GB.
- See what changed in earlier releases.
- Ubuntu MATE 16.04.2 for the Raspberry Pi is not snap compatible.
- We hope to have snapd compatibility in Ubuntu MATE 17.04 for the Raspberry Pi.
- The 32-bit and 64-bit PC version of Ubuntu MATE 16.04, or newer, are snapd compatible.
- Upon completion of the first boot setup WiFi doesn’t work, at all. Reboot and WiFi will be available.
Feedback and Improvements
Please post all feedback on the dedicated community forum. If you have any improvements then please submit a pull request to the Ubuntu Pi Flavour Maker project.
This image is not an official Ubuntu image, it is community supported, so any bugs filed on the Ubuntu MATE Launchpad bug tracker will be closed with a comment directing the report to the Ubuntu MATE forums :-)
Linux mint raspberry pi 3
Disabled for 5 min”. Raspberry Pi with a 3. 2″ TFT with Touch control (Part 2). 8″ TFT, RF Receiver and Temperature Sensor. Linux, Raspberry Pi Raspberry Pi, 1. *Raspberry Pi with a 1. The permissions of /sbin/fbterm-login are “-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root.
Even with the performance boost that the latest model brought, you’ll still struggle through common tasks. Good luck getting more than one web page to open at a time, or even a single tab to scroll smoothly. That ever-so-slight delay between hitting a key and having it appear on screen will eventually wear you down.
Installer Ubuntu Mate pour la Raspberry Pi 3. Par contre, ce qui est regrettable, c'est la release de cette version de Mint choisie comme base. Vous connaissez sans doute la très célèbre distribution Linux « Ubuntu ».
The latest mainstream Pi, the Raspberry Pi 3 Model B was released in 2016. 10 of the best Linux distros for privacy fiends and security buffs .
I have recently built my Parents a HTPC and put a fresh copy of Windows 10 Pro on it for them. No it is because it is not a commercial OS and there is no money behind it to advertise it on TV and due to the powerful monop0ly of Microsoft and its strong arm tactics there are 0 printers or scanners that you can purchase today that the manufactures support Linux. ” This statement indicates that the author is either grossly misinformed and has not ever used Linux or perhaps tried it many years ago or it just an outright Microsuck fanboy or perhaps he eats Apples for far too long. This does not mean that they will not work, I have some printers that when being used on Linux out perform their prints done when using Windows. Which is far easier to use than Windows 10. Do you have any idea how I know this. Is it because that it is not possible. Yes there are still some Linux distros around that are difficult to use, however those are no longer the normal experience. A lot of it has to do with the pressure that MS applies across the industry to keep the numbers of users down. She has commented several times how easy it was to use and wishes that the HTPC was as good. “Using the Pi as a full desktop — even the latest model 3 — is an incredibly frustrating experience. I have dumped Windows 10 and now use Linux Mint as my main OS, I still dual boot into Windows 7 in order to play my windows only games, but I now use and treat Windows like a game console, I only boot it up when I want to play a Windows only game. This inaccurate opinion of Linux causes me to distrust the many other opinions that the author has expressed in the remainder of the article. She had an older laptop that had Windows XP on it and wanted to be able to safely use it to go online with it so I put an install of Linux Mint 18. My Mom who is 87 constantly complains about it and finds moving from Windows 7 to be very frustrating. Yes the statement that is stated many times is “This year is going to be the year for the Linux on the desktop” has not happened and may never really happen. Is it because Linux is not worth using. I bet he has not looked at Linux Mint v 18. To start with, it runs Linux, which has a steep learning curve associated with it and isn’t suited to beginners. However if you like I am are very concerned with the amount of spying that Windows 10 does and the constant data mining that if the truth be known is going directly to the NSA and CIA then you might want to check out Linux as a viable alternative. Linux enthusiasts perpetually claim that this year is the year that Linux will finally make headway into the desktop for the everyday user — but it never has and never will. Yes in compareson to Windows Linux is on far fewer systems but getting real numbers as to how many people actually use it daily as their main OS is difficult due to it being a FREE and freely downloaded OS but I bet the percentage of users is close to how many use a Mac with OSX if not a larger number. 1 with the KDE desktop. The other areas that prevent wide spread adoption is that there is no one who makes a Linux media player that will play commercial BlueRays on Linux.
So, if you don’t have RPI3 laying around, but have an old computer which you’d like to turn into Tor Hotspot be my guest. It’ll work on any other Debian Linux based device. If you run into problems, please create an issue. While this tool was made and tested on Raspbian (jessie) on RPI3.
I have four Raspberry Pi’s at home and another on the way. Don’t get me wrong, I’m not hating on the Pi. But it’s not the solution to every problem. One runs some critical parts of my smart home, in that kind of “six-month uptime” reliable way that I could never hope to achieve with a Windows machine.
Use the following search parameters to narrow your results: subreddit:subreddit find submissions in “subreddit” author:username find submissions by “username”.
It’s a good tool, and enabled by default. Snapper is OpenSUSE’s tool to manage BTRFS snapshots. I have a machine with OpenSUSE Leap and that creats snapshots at every update and every half hour, so I’ve used snapper to clean snapshots up. Works like a charm.
On my Synology NAS I run ZNC (IRC bouncer/proxy) to which I connect using various IRC clients (irssi/XChat Azure/AndChat) from various platforms (Linux/Mac/Android). In this case ZNC serves as a gateway and no matter which device/client I connect from, I’m always connected to same IRC servers/chat rooms/settings when I left off.
All too often we see relatively simple Internet of Things (IoT) electronics projects being made with a Raspberry Pi: a mini computer that needs an SD card (another ) and possibly a Wi-Fi dongle. In reality, you don’t need the power of a Raspberry Pi to handle simple embedded applications like an IoT sensor or web-connected LED.
Had the Pi 3 for around 2 weeks now, no problems so far :D. When I inserted the MATE card into a PC running Linux Mint, that does not seem .
12 Best Linux Operating Systems for the Raspberry Pi
Raspberry Pi boards are functional single-board computers (SBCs) capable of serving as a foundation for a smattering of projects. There’s a veritable treasure trove of operating system (OS) options for the Raspberry Pi. Raspbian remains a top choice, and one of the most popular Raspberry Pi Linux distros. However, there are plenty of additional Raspberry Pi desktop options. Check out the best OS for Raspberry Pi boards!
12 Best Linux Operating Systems for the Raspberry Pi: Considerations
Before settling on a Linux operating system for your Raspberry Pi, think about your needs. Certain Linux-based retro gaming OSes or Kodi-based standalone operating systems provide limited purpose aside from multimedia and home theatre PC (HTPC) use. Still, these offer loads of services. Moreover, you may dual boot for a multi-OS configuration. What you’ll need for a desktop differs from the Raspberry Pi Linux distro you’ll want for HTPC use or retro gaming. Further, you may not even require a graphical user interface (GUI) for some projects, so a barebones, roll-your-own distro may suffice.
As the name suggests, Raspbian is a Debian-based operating system created for the Raspberry Pi. Raspbian employs the PIXEL desktop environment or Pi Improved Xwindows Environment Lightweight. It’s a variant of LXDE as well as the Openbox stacking window manager. Because Raspbian comes standard with pre-installed software including Chromium, Minecraft Pi, and Mathematica. Easy to install and engineered for the Raspberry Pi, Raspbian is a fantastic Raspberry Pi Linux OS. You can pick from Raspbian Stretch with Desktop and Raspbian Stretch Lite, a minimal Debian Stretch-based Raspbian image.
While there are loads of Linux desktop operating systems, Ubuntu ranks as one of the most well-known. Blossoming into a household name, it’s available in several flavors. The Debian-based Ubuntu, in turn, spawned a series of Ubuntu derivatives ranging from Kodibuntu to Xubuntu and Lubuntu. For the Raspberry Pi, there’s Ubuntu MATE for the Raspberry Pi and Raspberry Pi 2. Alternatively, there’s Ubuntu Snappy Core, an operating system aimed at developers. Ubuntu Snappy Core targets Internet of Things (IoT) applications but differs from most Ubuntu releases in that it eschews apt-get software installation. Rather, it employs Snap installation. It’s a solid choice for running media center software such as Kodi, RetroPie, or Recalbox.
Kali LinuxImage Credit
This Debian derivative aims as penetration testing (pen testing) and digital forensics. If you’ve watched the USA hit series “Mr Robot,” you’ve undoubtedly seen the Kali Linux desktop environment. It’s a fantastic Linux distro with an array of security testing tools, from password cracker John the Ripper, web app security scanner OWASP ZAP, and Aircrack-ng pen testing suite. Since this is a security-focused operating system, it’s one of the best Raspberry Pi Linux distros for programmers and developers with security testing needs.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is an awesome Linux OS for enterprise development. For a free, community edition of RHEL, check out CentOS which officially partnered with Red Hat in 2014. As such, CentOS benefits from an enterprise-class environment. With its ARM-compatible releases, CentOS runs flawlessly on the Raspberry Pi. Therefore, it’s a fantastic choice for use in business environments, for developing enterprise apps, or both. Stable, secure, and boasting an almost identical set of features as RHEL, CentOS is a great choice for a Raspberry Pi distro. Furthermore, CentOS makes for a splendid Linux server OS which could be a fantastic way to spin up a server such as a do-it-yourself (DIY) Spotify.
Arch Linux ARMImage Credit
While most Linux distros afford increased control, Arch Linux takes this to the extreme. It’s a minimalist distro that provides loads of functionality. Arch takes the KISS, or keep it simple stupid, principle to heart, which places the onus on the user to comprehend its overall function. Because of its ARM release, Arch Linux ARM may be installed on a Raspberry Pi. Since Arch can be tricky for novices, it’s recommended for Linux buffs and power users.
Similarly, Gentoo is available for the Raspberry Pi. It’s a highly customizable and flexible Linux distro that includes a package manager and kernel. However, the user is responsible for installing everything else, including a desktop environment. Whereas the likes of Ubuntu MATE and CentOS feature a GUI, Gentoo does not. A roll your own distro, Gentoo is best suited to those willing to slog through the ultimately rewarding but not uncomplicated installation.
An excellent Linux OS for developers and system admins (sysadmins), openSUSE provides a feature-rich environment that’s ideal for everything from desktop use to a server set up. There are several desktop environments to choose from, an awesome package manager in YaST. It’s super simple to install openSUSE on a Raspberry Pi as well as a bevvy of other ARM boards and Raspberry Pi alternatives.
While many options on the Raspberry Pi are desktop distros or multimedia-oriented OSes, OpenMediaVault yields a Linux-based server alternative. It’s Debian-based and sports features such as a gorgeous web-based GUI, monitoring tools like Syslog, connectivity with SSH, FTP, and NFS, as well as plug-ins for lots of software. Bonus points for its ease of set up on the Raspberry Pi.
Open Source Media Center, or OSMC, is a standalone Kodi operating system. It’s incredibly easy to install for the Pi with its pre-built images and allows for loads of customization. You can use the default OSMC skin with its modern feel, classic Kodi skin, or any third-party skins as well. Plus, there are tons of ways to stream media from Kodi addons or local media. OSMC benefits from regular updates such as a bump to Linux 4.14 in Feb. 2018. You may also consider LibreELEC, OpenELEC, XBian, or GeeXbox for your HTPC needs on the Raspberry Pi.
While it’s not the only retro gaming on the Raspberry Pi software option, RetroPie is arguably the most popular. Using the EmulationStation frontend, RetroPie presents a beautiful experience for retro gaming with an SBC. Under the hood, RetroPie is Debian-based and builds on several tools including RetroArch.
Though RetroPie might hold the distinction as the best-known retro gaming OS for the Raspberry Pi, Recalbox is a hot newcomer. While similar to RetroPie with its EmulationStation frontend it has a similar lineup of gaming emulators. However, Recalbox is a bit more user-friendly and less customizable. For instance, you’ll find fewer shader options. Newer users may prefer Recalbox, whereas seasoned Linux pros may be left wanting. But this doesn’t mean Recalbox is lacking. In fact, it includes compatibility with the likes of Hyperion for creating a DIY Ambilight for your media center.
Based on RetroArch, Lakka is an uber-powerful Linux-based retro gaming operating system. Its intuitive installation and robust feature set make Lakka an ideal choice for creating a retro gaming arcade with a Raspberry Pi. Lakka runs phenomenally well out of the box, replete with superb gamepad compatibility. There’s no keyboard or mouse required, merely a controller. Plus, Lakka is jam-packed with customization options which can even at times be overwhelming. Still, Lakka brings old school gaming to the Raspberry Pi in style.
12 Best OSes for the Raspberry Pi: Final Thoughts
There’s no shortage of Linux distros for the Raspberry Pi. Ultimately which operating system you pick depends on your needs. For a desktop experience, try a Linux OS such as Ubuntu MATE, CentOS, or openSUSE. Gaming and HTPC needs are fulfilled by RetroPie, Recalbox, or a Kodi operating system for the Raspberry Pi. Minimalist and lightweight OSes run well on the Pi. Want to spice up your Raspberry Pi? Have a look at the best 15 Raspberry Pi cases available.
Which Raspberry Pi Linux operating systems do you prefer?